World Languages: Scope and Sequence

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Latin I

Recommended For: Freshmen, Sophomores, Juniors, Seniors
Prerequisites: None

Students gain a basic understanding of Latin language, culture, history and art. Our focus is reading stories, but students will get a chance to listen, write and speak the language. By the end of the course, students will read some authentic Latin poetry and have constructed a Roman garment. This course is meant to provide choice to students who wish to take something a little different than French or Spanish. It also attracts students who already speak other languages and are interested in Latin to learn about the linguistic development of a language they already know.

 


Latin II

Recommended For: Freshmen, Sophomores, Juniors, Seniors
Prerequisites: Applicants must have completed Latin I

Students gain an intermediate understanding of Latin language, culture, history and art. Our focus is reading stories, but students will get a chance to listen, write and speak the language. By the end of the course, students will read some authentic Latin poetry and examine its meter. Students will have participated in a Roman dinner party and composed and performed several short plays.

 


Latin III

Recommended For: Juniors, Seniors
Prerequisites: Applicants must have completed Latin II

Latin III is for polishing up Latin skills to begin looking at Latin literature. As we do this, students will explore Roman slavery and the public life of a Roman citizen. In the course of this, students will create a slave costume and reenact a slave auction. Students will continue to show their understanding of Latin language and culture by putting on plays and slideshows. By the end of the course, students will be able to read Roman prose by Julius Caesar and Pliny the Younger.

 


Latin IV

Recommended For: Juniors, Seniors
Prerequisites: Applicants must have completed Latin III

Latin IV is the final level in the Latin program. Students will solidify their foundation in grammar and to build fluency in translation while making a transition to authentic Latin. To analyze the use Latin as literature, including elements of style and technique as well as of the mythological, historical, and social elements addressed by the author. In the fourth and final book of the Cambridge Latin Course series, students will continue to ‘Hail Caesar’! Domitian has been Emperor of Rome for only two years but already fear and suspicion are rife among his imperial advisors, associates and opponents.



Under his rule, life is perilous. So enter into Domitian’s palace and the inner workings of his Council, join a Roman wedding ceremony, look at Roman law, relax in a country villa – but tread carefully and watch your back... Domitian’s never far away! 


Finally, we wrap up the course in Stages 41 – 48 by reading real Latin poetry and prose from a selection of famed Roman authors, as well as further exploring their culture.

 


Spanish I

Recommended For: Freshmen, Sophomores, Juniors, Seniors
Prerequisites: None

Spanish I an introduction to basic vocabulary and fundamental sentence structure in Spanish. Basic listening and reading comprehension will be developed and students will hold simple conversations and write short compositions. This course will also develop cultural awareness by examining the different cultural aspects of the Spanish speaking cultures throughout the world. Students taking this course will be expected to practice vocabulary in and outside the classroom as well they will be required to complete presentations and research applying learned vocabulary.

 


Spanish II

Recommended For: Freshmen, Sophomores, Juniors, Seniors
Prerequisites: Applicant must have completed Spanish I

This course will continue to strengthen vocabulary and grammatical concepts of the Spanish language and prepare students to develop fluency in the Spanish language. Speaking, reading and writing will continue to be developed though conversations, presentations, reading and writing compositions in Spanish. Grammatical concepts such as reflexive verbs, present progressive, the preterite and imperfect tense will be covered. This course will also develop cultural awareness by examining the different cultural aspects of the Spanish speaking cultures throughout the world.

 


Spanish III

Recommended For: Sophomores, Juniors, Seniors
Prerequisites: Applicant must have completed Spanish II

In this course, students will develop communicative competence by interacting orally and in writing with other Spanish speakers. Students will also understand oral and written messages in Spanish and will complete oral and written presentations in Spanish. Students will communicate on a variety of topics at a level commensurate with their study, using more complex structures in Spanish. Grammatical concepts such as the review of the preterite and imperfect tense as well as the introduction of the future and the subjunctive tense will be covered. Students will also comprehend main ideas of authentic materials in Spanish.

 


Honors Spanish IV

Recommended For: Sophomores, Juniors, Seniors
Prerequisites: Applicant must have completed Spanish III

Honors Spanish IV is an intensive course designed to meet the needs of students who are interested to communicate in writing and orally in Spanish at an advanced level.  Students will acquire in cultural appropriate ways a deeper knowledge of thematic vocabulary related to the immediate and external environment and more complex grammatical structures using the four language modalities: speaking, reading, listening and writing. In addition, students will be exposed to customs and traditions of the Spanish speaking countries through literature, history and visual art. The course guidelines are aligned with the World Language Content Standards for California Public Schools.

 


French I

Recommended For: Freshmen, Sophomores Juniors, Seniors
Prerequisites: None

Students who choose to pursue French will embark on a study of the language as well as the rich cultures of the French-speaking world. Students entering French 1 should have a command of the following concepts: nouns, adjectives, verbs, pronouns, adverbs, sentence structure and paragraph structure. Students are exposed to the French speaking areas of the world and course content develops the skills of listening, speaking, reading and writing with emphasis on communication in the target language and mastery of core vocabulary and grammatical structures at a novice level. Successful students in this introductory course will be able to engage in simple conversations describing their likes, classes, family and activities. They will be able to write small compositions pertaining to these same topics as well as read and hear about the daily lives of young francophone students.

Students will exercise all four language skills in class via different activities that will include and not be limited to CDs of dialogues/songs, DVDs of language situations, internet activities, answering spoken and written questions, performing dialogues, reading and writing textbook and workbook exercises and working with partners in class on speaking exercises from the text.

 


French II

Recommended For: Freshmen, Sophomores Juniors, Seniors
Prerequisites: Applicant must have completed French I

Students entering this course should have knowledge of present-tense verb conjugations, noun/adjective agreement, definite and indefinite articles and thematic vocabulary presented in French I. Students should be able to write a brief paragraph on a given topic (description of yourself and your surroundings, school and weekend activities) and comfortably answer basic questions orally in French.

In French II, students are further exposed to the French speaking areas of the world and course content furthers the development of skills in listening, speaking, reading and writing. Emphasis is placed on expanded vocabulary development (e.g., home, family, school...); the verb conjugations in present, passé compose, imparfait, with an introduction to the future and conditional tenses; and expanded grammatical structures (e.g., possessive adjectives, object pronouns).

Students will exercise all four language skills in class via different activities that will include and not be limited to CDs of dialogues/songs, DVDs of language situations, internet activities, answering spoken and written questions, performing dialogues, reading and writing textbook and workbook exercises and working with partners in class on speaking exercises from the text.

 


French III

Recommended For: Sophomores Juniors, Seniors
Prerequisites: Applicant must have completed French II

Students entering French III should have a command of the following concepts: present tense verb conjugations (regular and irregular forms); regular and irregular verbs in the passé compose (formed both with avoir and être); articles (un, une, des, du, de la, de l’); and a vocabulary presented in French 1 and French 2. Students should also be able to write a brief paragraph in French on a given topic (e.g., What did you do last weekend?, What are your plans for the summer?, Describe the last movie you saw.) and comfortably respond to questions orally in French.

In French 3, students are further exposed to the French speaking areas of the world and course content furthers the development of skills in listening, speaking, reading and writing. Emphasis is placed on expanded vocabulary development (e.g., home, family, school...); the verb conjugations in present, past, future, conditional and subjunctive tenses; and expanded grammatical structures (e.g., object pronouns, relative pronouns).   

Students will exercise all four language skills in class via different activities that will include and not be limited to CDs of dialogues/songs, DVDs of language situations, internet activities, answering spoken and written questions, performing dialogues, reading and writing textbook and workbook exercises and working with partners in class on speaking exercises from the text. Students will improve reading comprehension of longer, more challenging material.

 


French IV

Recommended For: Sophomores Juniors, Seniors
Prerequisites: Applicant must have completed French III

The French IV course is an extensive French class that reinforces the different skills/contents and linguistic tools learned in French II and French III including French language and French communities using the four modes of expression: listening, speaking, writing and reading. The main goal of this course is for students to develop, on a daily basis, receptive and productive skills that will allow them to communicate extensively in French and understand the language and its different perspectives through cultural experiences.

In French IV, students expand their learning using the different modes of communication at an advanced level through the use of learner-centered activities, analysis of authentic documents/texts such as songs, movies, magazines, or newspaper articles, the use of technology and analysis of French literature. Students learn to create more complex sentences using different tenses and moods (present, past tense, subjunctive present/past, future, conditional) in planned paragraphs when speaking and writing, comprehending main ideas and details in authentic texts and becoming more accurate in written and oral expression.

On a daily basis, students are engaged collaboratively and individually with written, verbal, listening and reading tasks such as think-pair-share activities, small group works, reading activities, written assignments, conversations around cultural facts and listening to authentic French media.

To prepare and assess students (grammatical/lexical accuracy and French cultures knowledge), reading/writing/listening and speaking assignments will be given regularly to students, organized around the objectives required for the Advanced Placement French Language and Culture Exam.